Denmark

NewsNew regulation found after the CAMbrella deliveries:

No new regulation found.


Notice! All text below is copied from the CAMbrella report – delivered Dec 31, 2012

In this summary, you will find:

  • Direct links to the legislation of specific CAM therapies in Denmark
  • The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices in Denmark
  • The governmental supervision of CAM practices in Denmark
  • The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products in Denmark
Go directly to legislation of specific CAM therapies in Denmark:
Acupuncture – Anthroposophic medicine – Ayurveda – Chiropractic – Herbal medicine/Phytotherapy –
Homeopathy – Massage – Naprapathy – Naturopathy – Neural therapy – Osteopathy – Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) – Other treatments

Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973 (11) and a founding
member of the Council of Europe since 1949 (12).

The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices

Sundhedsloven (81) and “Lov om autorisation af sundhedspersoner og om sundhedsfaglig
virksomhed” (8283) regulate health professionals’ practice in Denmark. Medical doctors are allowed to use the treatment options they find useful. Non-medically qualified practitioners are allowed to provide care with certain restrictions. Treating infectious diseases is considered as a medical act, and except for special regulations for acupuncturists only doctors may give injections (2882).

Health professions in Denmark are authorized according to Act no. 877 of 4 August 2011 on Authorization of Health Care Professionals and on Professional Health Care Practice section 12 (82). Authorization is given only based on education and practice as described in this regulation. CAM practitioners are not authorized except for chiropractors and
physiotherapists who are regulated health personnel and not regarded as CAM professionals (84). In Denmark authorization or not is mainly what separates health professionals from CAM professionals (83).

Denmark has adjusted to professionals’ regulation in (EU) European Union (5) with two main acts:

  1. Assessment of Foreign Qualifications etc., 2007 (85).
  2. Act on the Right to Exercise Certain Professions in Denmark, 2010 (86).

The law on a self-regulatory registration system for alternative practitioners from 2004
established a voluntary register for non-medically qualified CAM practitioners (87). The
register includes practitioners who “fulfill well-defined criteria for education and are
members of an organization for practitioners that take on the necessary tasks for
registration and maintaining the register”(28).

In Denmark a CAM practitioner with a membership in one of the officially recognized CAM organizations may voluntarily register in the register for CAM professionals and add “Registered Alternative Practitioner” (RAB) to his/her CAM title (50). “Sundhedstyrelsen” gives branch associations for CAM practitioners the right to issue RAB certificates to their members if the branch and the members fulfill certain requirements of education and court of appeal (83).

The governmental supervision of CAM Practices

Supervision of health professionals in Denmark is included in law on authorization of health personnel, Chapter 7, § 26 (82). Authorized health personnel are supervised after § 215 in Sundhedsloven (81). Chiropractors and physiotherapists are regulated health personnel in Denmark and as such included in the supervision regulative system of health professionals. There is no government supervision on non-medically trained CAM practitioners.

The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products

CAM practitioners are entitled to a lower VAT rate if they have specific training and the
treatment follows certain characteristics (8488). There is no reimbursement for CAM treatment or CAM medicinal products except for services given by medically qualified practitioners. Acupuncture is partially reimbursed (6088).

Chiropractic consultations are partially reimbursed according to Sundhedsloven chapter
4.2.5. Chiropractors. “The public health care scheme partly pays for treatment provided by chiropractors. It is not necessary to be referred by a general practitioner in order to receive a subsidy. There are approx. 300 chiropractors who have an agreement with the public health care scheme”(8188).