Ireland

NewsNew regulation found after the CAMbrella deliveries:

No new regulation found.


Notice! All text below is copied from the CAMbrella report – delivered Dec 31, 2012

In this summary, you will find:

  • Direct links to the legislation of specific CAM therapies in Ireland
  • The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices in Ireland
  • The governmental supervision of CAM practices in Ireland
  • The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products in Ireland
Go directly to legislation of specific CAM therapies in Ireland:
Acupuncture – Anthroposophic medicine – Ayurveda – Chiropractic – Herbal medicine/Phytotherapy –
Homeopathy – Massage – Naprapathy – Naturopathy – Neural therapy – Osteopathy – Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) – Other treatments

Ireland became a member of the European Union (EU) in 1973 (11). Ireland was a founding member of the Council of Europe on 5 May 1949 (12).

The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices

None of the CAM treatments are regulated or restricted in Ireland (41) Consequently, both medically and non-medically qualified professionals are allowed to practise CAM (106). Medically qualified practitioners with a university degree in medicine (MD, nurse, midwife) and physiotherapists are recognized as regulated health professionals (7157).

The Medical Practitioners Act 25/2007 establishes that medical personnel must be registered in the General Register of Medical Practitioners, and article 47 links this act to the EU Directive 2005/36/EC (5157). Different sources from 2002 – 2010 categorize Ireland as a country with “CAM legislation in preparation”(2843106). Only medical doctors are permitted to “treat venereal diseases, practise obstetrics, certify death, issue medical certificates for official purposes, prescribe a wide range of controlled drugs, give advice in court on specific issues, supply services to police for alcohol-linked traffic offences and administer anaesthetics” (28).

Two Ministry of Health reports consider establishment of a register for CAM practitioners:

  1. Report on the regulation of practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine
    in Ireland (2002)(158).
  2. Report of the National Working Group on the regulation of Complementary
    Therapists to the Minister for Health and Children, December 2005 (159).

The 2005 (159) report made 7 recommendations which were accepted by the Minister of
Health:

  1. Statutory regulation for herbalists/acupuncturists/Traditional Chinese Medicine
    Practitioners. (Meetings held, but no proposals for regulation produced so far(160)).
  2. A robust system of “voluntary self-regulation” (VSR) for all others.
    (FICTA, the national umbrella body for CAM professional associations, has
    implemented a VSR framework for its members and has sent it to the Department
    of Health. The response received stated that the priority of the DoHC is to progress
    statutory regulation for the concerned therapies and that they support greater
    voluntary self-regulation for all other therapies(160)).
  3. Arrange workshop to encourage federation into one representative organization for
    those therapies where there was  more than one. (A few have been held(160)).
  4. A report on the state of the sector following the workshops. (Has not been produced (160)).
  5. Publication of an information booklet with a client/therapist charter for the public. (A general leaflet (not a booklet) was published that advised people to check that therapists were qualified and members of a professional association (160)).
  6. Establishment of a forum for dialogue between the complementary and conventional medical sectors. (Has not happened) (160).
  7. Establishment of a National Annual Forum for the sector. (Has not happened (160)).
  8. Establishment of a working group to establish a Complementary Therapies Council to oversee issues in the complementary therapies area. (Has not happened) (160)).

The governmental supervision of CAM Practices

No specific CAM regulations found on supervision of health practices in Ireland.

The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products

No CAM treatment is reimbursed in Ireland (41). Private insurance may partially cover some treatments (41).