News – New regulations found after the CAMbrella deliveries:
No new regulations found.
Notice! All text below are copied from the CAMbrella report – delivered Dec 31, 2012
In this summary, you will find:
- Direct links to the legislation of specific CAM therapies in Lithuania
- The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices in Lithuania
- The governmental supervision of CAM Practices in Lithuania
- The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products in Lithuania
Go directly to legislation of specific CAM therapies in Lithuania:
Acupuncture – Anthroposophic medicine – Ayurveda – Chiropractic – Herbal medicine/Phytotherapy –
Homeopathy – Massage – Naprapathy – Naturopathy – Neural therapy – Osteopathy – Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) – Other treatments
Lithuania regained its sovereignty from the Soviet Union via the declaration of
independence on 11 March 1990 (11). Lithuania became a member of the European Union in 2004 (11) and became a member state of the Council of Europe on 14 May 1993 (12).
The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices
Since independence, medical education has undergone substantial reforms following EU
requirements and WHO recommendations (189). Only medically qualified professionals are allowed to practise CAM treatment in Lithuania (106, 190). In Regulation 1999 No. 62, homeopathy, manual therapy and reflexology are listed as medical specialties only to be practised by medical doctors (191).
Only practices offered by licensed medical professionals are regulated by the state. Any
other practices (health promotion or similar) are allowed, unless they are dangerous, called “medical” or offered as treatment (190).
The State Accreditation Agency, Ministry of Health (MOH) is responsible for licensing and certification of health care professionals in both the public and private sector. Specialists require a certificate from the Ministry of Health to practice (50, 189). The act of medical practice No 68-2365 on 28 June 2004 states that a physician must have a basic licence for medical practise in some specialty. No CAM specialties are listed in the this law (190, 192).
Consequently no CAM therapists are certified by the state (190). Other specialties called “narrow specialization of medical practice” (No.V-469) are not certified by the State Accreditation Agency. The specialist only needs a certificate for fulfilled introductory course in the specific CAM practice (Order No. V-680)(190).
If the physician wants to practise legally as a CAM therapist (homeopath, manual therapist, reflexotherapist) he has to work in an institution, public or private, which is licensed to offer such therapy. An order of MOH, V-364 of 14 May 2004, lists the out-patient health care services which require a licence given by State service for accreditation in health care.
Homeopathy, manual therapy and acupuncture are the only CAM therapies listed as such services. The document was published in the Official Gazette “Valstybės žinios” No 86-3152 on 28 May 2004 (193). Other CAM treatment may be offered as “good practice” within the specialty of the physician, not as a CAM practitioner.
The National Board of Health is responsible for the coordination of health policy in Lithuania. It coordinates and regulates education and training, licensing and certification, and performance standards. The Ministry of Health is responsible for establishing standards in CME (continuing medical education) and partly funding it (189).
The list of professionals is the basis for licensing of health professionals. In the absence of
licence, having an expired licence or no issued licence in the specialty, it is illegal to provide medical practice which legally is to be performed by a defined “doctor by professional qualification and the competence of health care”, including personal health condition, disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment of patients.
The governmental supervision of CAM Practices
The Medical Audit Inspectorate under the Ministry of Health, established in 1998, is involved in the establishment of medical standards and quality control with respect to health care providers (189). In the period between 1995 and 2001, the Ministry of Health, in conjunction with the Ministry of Education, the universities and the professional organizations, prepared and approved medical standards for different categories of physicians and nurses (189).
The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products
Health care, provided by public or private health care, are covered from the Compulsory
Health Insurance Fund (CHIF). Acupuncture and manual therapy are included in the Health Care approved by the Ministry of Health as paid medical services. Homeopathic treatment is not reimbursed in Lithuania (41).