Poland

NewsNew regulation found after the CAMbrella deliveries:

No new regulation found.


Notice! All text below is copied from the CAMbrella report – delivered Dec 31, 2012

In this summary, you will find:

  • Direct links to the legislation of specific CAM therapies in Poland 
  • The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices in Poland 
  • The governmental supervision of CAM practices in Poland 
  • The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products in Poland 
Go directly to legislation of specific CAM therapies in Poland:
Acupuncture – Anthroposophic medicine – Ayurveda – Chiropractic – Herbal medicine/Phytotherapy –
Homeopathy – Massage – Naprapathy – Naturopathy – Neural therapy – Osteopathy – Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) – Other treatments

Poland became a member of the European Union (EU) in 2004 (11) and a member of the
Council of Europe on 26 November 1991 (12).

The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices

In Poland only medical doctors and dentists are allowed to treat patients (225).
Consequently only medically qualified professionals may provide CAM treatment (106).
Legal regulation of professions describe that all medical professions may be divided into two categories: professions regulated by law and others.

The first category includes physicians, dentists, veterinary surgeons, laboratory technicians, pharmacists, psychologists, nurses and midwives, barber surgeons, and dental technicians. To practise the medical profession for doctors and dentists means to provide health services, in particular to: examine patients’ health condition, diagnose diseases and prevent them, apply appropriate therapy and rehabilitation, ensure consultations, issue expert opinions and health certificates (226). Only physicians who have completed specialisation in one of the basic disciplines may apply for admission to specialisation courses in any other discipline (226).

According to Law on Nursing and Midwifery Professions, the professions of nurse and
midwife are independent professions. They are entitled to provide health and particularly
medical services on their own not being entirely dependent on doctors orders (226).
The National Centre for Quality Assessment in Health Care manages the accreditation of
health care providers and the training of health care professionals (189).

The governmental supervision of CAM Practices

Health professions are organized by statute into three associations, or chambers,
membership of which is mandatory. The chambers cover physicians and dentists, nurses and midwives, and pharmacists. All oversee claims of professional malpractice and can revoke the permission to practise. District chambers represent each profession at regional level and maintain a register of eligible practitioners and private practices. The chambers also issue licences to physicians, nurses and midwives for private practice (189).

The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products

Homeopathy consultations are free of charge, provided the patient is treated by a
homeopathic doctor working within the national healthcare service. Homeopathic treatment may be free of charge if provided by a homeopathic doctor in a hospital (70).

Health care funding in Poland is regulated mainly by the law on health benefits funded from public means (227). From 2012 the Polish Parliament adopted a new law governing the reimbursement of medicinal products, medical devices and food for special medical purposes (228).