Serbia

NewsNew regulation found after the CAMbrella deliveries:

No new regulation found.


Notice! All text below is copied from the CAMbrella report – delivered Dec 31, 2012

In this summary, you will find:

  • Direct links to the legislation of specific CAM therapies in Serbia
  • The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices in Serbia
  • The governmental supervision of CAM practices in Serbia
  • The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products in Serbia
Go directly to legislation of specific CAM therapies in Serbia:
Acupuncture – Anthroposophic medicine – Ayurveda – Chiropractic – Herbal medicine/Phytotherapy –
Homeopathy – Massage – Naprapathy – Naturopathy – Neural therapy – Osteopathy – Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) – Other treatments

The Republic of Serbia (hereinafter Serbia) applied for European Union (EU) membership 22 December 2009 and is listed as a potential candidate country to EU (11). Serbia is connected to the FP7 research programme through a memorandum of understanding and as such included in the CAMbrella survey of CAM legislation in Europe. Serbia became a member state of the Council of Europe on 3 April 2003 (12).

The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices

The health legislation in Serbia is in transition towards mainstream European healthcare
regulation and European standards (243). Different health strategy documents are issued for the period from 2002-2015. The perception of health and illness has moved towards lifestyle and health risk factors and consequently national health problems are addressed with preventive healthcare programs (243).

Complementary and alternative medicine in Serbia has been legally regulated since 2005.
The new Law on Civil Health Protection (Healthcare Law) includes three articles dealing with alternative medicine (244). A CAM bylaw to the Healthcare law was approved by the
Minister of Health in December 2007. (“Pravilnik o blizim uslovima, nacinu I postupku
obavljanja metoda I postupaka tradicionalne medicine”) (245).

The bylaw lists the following CAM methods as suitable for practise in Serbia:

A. Methods of treatment: Ayurveda, Chinese traditional medicine, Homeopathy,
Phytotherapy, Bioresonance therapy, Chiropractic, Macrobiotics, Traditional local
medicine.
B. Methods of health promotion: Apitherapy, Aromatherapy, Chi Gong, Spiritual
medicine, Energy medicine, Yoga, Tai chi chuan, others.

According to the bylaw, CAM may be practised only by health workers, i.e. physicians,
stomatologists, pharmacists, nurses and medical technicians (like physiotherapists)(246).
CAM is recognized by the national medical association as an additional qualification for
medical doctors (247). Postgraduate training courses in CAM therapies are offered at private teaching centers (247).

For all health workers and all CAM treatments the regulation is the same. Officially all health workers are allowed to practise CAM after relevant education. There are variations regarding education in various methods, and efforts are introduced to stimulate and support the improvement of the education (246).

The Commission for Traditional medicine within the Ministry of health is dealing with various matters covered by the bylaw. The main task of the commission so far has been to refer to the Minister of health which institutions and which practitioners that are eligible for obtaining work permits. The Minister of Health issues permits (246).

Diplomas are issued by both relevant “sections” of the Serbian medical association (there
are e.g. section of acupuncture and section of homeopathy) and by associations organized
by (mostly) health workers interested in a relevant CAM method. The local medical
association is not involved in recognition of diplomas (246).

The governmental supervision of CAM Practices

CAM practice is supervised by the Traditional Medicine Committee of the Serbian Ministry of Health (34). The Minister shall issue “Regulation on detailed conditions for issuing, renewal and revocation of licences of health professionals” to Members of Commerce. The “Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia (RS)”, no. 119/2007 on the basis of Article 190 Paragraph 8. Law on Health Care (“Official Gazette of RS”, No. 107/05), (16) gives details.

The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products

CAM is not a part of the existing health insurance scheme. It is practised by private
practitioners and in some health care institutions but patients have to pay for the treatment (246248). The regulation of CAM products is a difficult issue which still has to be resolved (246). Medicinal products are recognized through the Medicines and Medical Devices Agency of Serbia (34).