New regulation found after the CAMbrella deliveries December 31, 2012.
29 March 2016 Press release from the Swiss Federal Office of Internal Affairs (EDI).
The public vote of 2009, and the article 118a in the Swiss constitution will be fulfilled. Anthroposophic medicine, classical homeopathy, herbal medicine (Phytotherapy) and non-acupuncture TCM, practised by certified Medical Doctors (MDs) will be permanently included in KVG (krankenversicherung) of compulsory Health Insurance (OKP).
The decision is restricted until end of 2017, but will enter into force definitely by 1 May 2017 if no serious obstacles before 30 June, 2016 (277) (332)
The Norwegian University College of Health Science (Norges Helsehøyskole Campus Kristiania (NHCK)), the Institute of Osteopathy, offers from 2012 the only Bachelor degree in Osteopathy in Norway. The study duration is three years and gives 180 study credits. NHCK offers an additional one year study qualifying for the professional degree “Osteopath with diploma”. Read more at http://nhck.no/studie/osteopati
The Regional Council of Emilia-Romagna Region, the Department of Health Policy, has passed the Resolution No 741, 26/05/2014 on “Approval of regional guidelines for the provision of professional services of Unconventional Medicine in the Region Emilia-Romagna whose deliverability is the responsibility of the regional health fund. Appointment of members of the Regional Observatory for Unconventional Medicine” (331).
The Emilia Romagna Regional Government has included acupuncture in the Essential Level of Care (LEA) of the Regional Health Service (RHS) for two indications: prevention of headache (migraine and tension type headache) and treatment of low back pain). Each Local Unit of the RHS must implement clinics able to offer this treatment to patients referred by their GPs or other specialists. It’s a first step toward integrative care in RHS.
The Regional Observatory for Unconventional Medicine (OMNCER), established by Resolution 297/2004, is prolonged until June 30, 2016. The program supports the integration of alternative and conventional treatments into the conventional care pathways of health services. OMNCER addresses selects and proposes the priority health-care fields and the unconventional treatments worth to be included (experimentally or definitively) in the RHS; moreover, OMNCER is involved in monitoring the implementation of the new services and in promoting their quality.
The Belgian Council of Ministers has on 12 July 2013 passed new regulation on homeopathy. This was made official by a Royal Decree published 12 May 2014 by the Ministry of Health.
In Belgium homeopathy is now a medical act and only medical doctors, dentists and midwives are entitled to practise homeopathy (dentists and midwives only within their competence). The decision fully implement The Colla law on non-conventional practices (acupuncture, chiropractic, homeopathy and osteopathy) adopted by the Belgian Parliament in 1999 (42). The Royal Decree lays down requirements for registration of homeopathic doctors. The practitioners must have a degree in homeopathy from an official college or university, and the national teaching centres will have to comply with the European/national CEN quality standards which are about to be formulated.
Transitional provisions will be developed for doctors who have already been practicing as homeopaths but do not comply with the new requirements. Practitioners already practicing who do not have a medical, dentistry or midwifery diploma can continue their activities under a temporary measure until they fulfil the new requirements. Practice of homeopathy by non-medical qualified practitioners will be illegal in Belgium.
The French government has on September 12, 2014 (322) and December 12, 2014(323) decided two new decrees on standards of osteopathic training required to practise as an osteopath in France.
The French government has on March 24, 2014, with consolidated versions February 5, 2015 (324, 325, 326), decided three governmental decrees on the training of chiropractors and accreditation of training institutions in Chiropractic. One of the decrees includes regulations related to educational exemptions that could be granted for the preparation Diploma allowing using the title of chiropractor. Read more about France in the original report.
The Turkish government has on October 27, 2014 passed a new law on Regulation of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practice. Official Gazette of the Republic of Turkey, Issue: 29158, 27th October 2014, Regulation of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practice, by Ministry of Health. (321). The CAM treatments specified in the regulation are:
- Acupuncture: Who can provide: a certified Medical Doctor (A Dentist can only provide acupuncture for dentistry related disorders).
- Apitherapy, Maggot Theraphy, Mesotherapy, Prolotheraphy: Who can provide: A certified Medical Doctor.
- Homeopathy, Ozone Theraphy, Phytotheraphy: Who can provide: a Certified Medical Doctor or Dentist.
- Hypnosis: Who can provide: A certified Medical Doctor and Dentist (a psycologist can apply under the supervision of a medical doctor).
- Cupping, Chiropractic, Hirudo therapy, Osteopathy, Reflexology: Who can provide: A certified Medical Doctor (Other medical personel can only provide under the supervision of a medical doctor).
- Musicotheraphy: Who can provide: A certified Medical Doctor and Dentist (Other medical personel and a person who holds music education at a licence level can provide under the supervision of a medical doctor).
The Portugese government has on September 2, 2013 decided new regulation on Acupuncture, Physiotherapy, Homeopathy, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Naturopathy, Osteopathy and Chiropractic. 1st Series No. 168-2-September 2013 1 Law No. 71/2013 September 2 amends law no 45/2003 of 22 August. The law relates to exercise of professional activities applied in unconventional therapies. The law applies to all professionals engaged in practice of the above listed treatments. Professional titles are protected and are only allowed to holders of the relevant practicing certificate. The ACSS (The Central Administration of Health System) organizes and maintain an updated, official register of those CAM professionals affected by the law (319). Read more about Portugal in the original report.